1. FUNCTIONS OF THE DEPARTMENT
The Deptt. is responsible for matters relating to livestock production, preservation, protection and their improvements, dairy Development and also relating to Veterinary Services including State Veterinary Council and Animal Welfare Board activities
1.1. Main objective (Focus activities):
1.1.1. Development of requisite infra-structures for improving animal production, processing and marketing.
1.1.2. Preservation & conservation of Indigenous Livestocks.
1.1.3. Protection & improvement of the Livestock through adequate health care and veterinary services.
1.1.4. Production of superior germ-plasm for distribution to farmers for distribution to farmers.
2. BUSINESS ALLOCATIONS
A. 2403 - ANIMAL HUSBANDRY & VETERINARY SERVICES:
I. Animal Husbandry
(i) Extension and Training.
(ii) Cattle and Buffalo Development.
(iii) Poultry Development.
(iv) Sheep, Goat and Wool Development.
(v) Piggery Development.
(vi) Other Livestock Development.
(vii) Conservation and Development of Indigenous Livestock.
(viii) Livestock Census.
(ix) Frozen Semen Technology and Artificial Insemination.
(x) Upgradation/improvement of Domestic Animal.
(xi) Feed & Fodder Development
B. 2404 –DAIRY DEVELOPMENT SECTOR:
I. Dairy Development
(i) Enhance the milk production.
(ii) Processing of milk & Milk products.
(iii) Collection & Marketing of Milk & Milk products.
(iv) Organizing of DCS through IDDP.
(v) Imparting training on dairy Management..
3. ANIMAL HEALTH COVERAGE SERVICES
This particular sub-sector deal for the adequate Veterinary services with the main Slogan of Health for the animals is Wealth for us. In this, the effective health care coverage of the livestocks & Poultry birds are taken care of through timely disease diagnosis, disease prevention and control measures by initiative of routine de-worming, vaccination and timely attending of diseased animals & birds by the Field Vets and para-vets through rendering of effective treatments of ailing animals at the door-steps of the needy farmers in the various Vety. Institutes spread throughout the state.
For catering the livestock health services of the state, there are different Veterinary Services Institutions comprising of 1 No. State Vety Hospital (SVH), 15 Nos. Dist. Vety Hospitals (DVH), 180 Nos.Vety Dispensaries (VD), 163 Nos.Vety Aid Centres (VAC) and 128 Nos. Cattle Up Grading Centres (CUC) located in various locations in different districts of the state.
For the effective disease diagnosis and surveillances in the state, there are 11 Nos. District Disease Diagnosis Laboratories spread over 11 districts wherein the blood, Faecal, urine or milk samples or skin scrapings etc are examined and accordingly line of treatment are advised to the field Veterinarians. In addition, there exists 3 (three) Disease Investigation Laboratories (DIL) at Zonal level viz. DIL, Tezu (Eastern Zone), DIL, Alo (Central Zone) and Nirjuli (Western Zone) which serves as the referral Laboratories for the animal and Poultry Bird Disease Diagnosis in the state.
|SL.NO||NAME OF INSTITUTIONS||Nos|
|1.||State Veterinary Hospital||01|
|4.||Veterinary Aid Centre||163|
|6.||Mobile Veterinary Unit||14|
|7.||Disease Investigation Lab.||03|
|8.||Rinder Pest Check gate||03|
|10.||Inter-state Check gate||08|
|12.||Key village Centres||30|
4. ANIMAL HUSBANDRY & POULTRY SECTOR
This wing of the Deptt. covers the improvement of the livestocks & Poultry production in the state by manning different Livestocks & Poultry farms (production centres). In these farms, different improved breeds of livestocks and Poultry birds of different species (suitable in agro-climatic conditions) are inducted from outside the state and reared under scientific management system to show-case them to the farmers of the locality as well as to produce progenies/off-springs to be sold to the needy farmers for adoption at their homestead with objective to augment productivity of livestocks/ Poultry birds for attaining self-sufficiency in milk, meat and eggs production. While selling the farm produced animals or Poultry birds, the sell proceeds of different Livestocks & Poultry Farms can generate revenues for the state ex-chequer.
4.1.The main objective of these Livestock & Poultry breeding Farms are :
4.1.1. Production of improved quality of livestock & Poultry bird breed Progenies in the Deptt. Livestock & Poultry farms in the locality.
4.1.2. To sale these govt. farm produced progenies to the farmers at nominal price thereby generating revenue to the state Ex-chequer.
4.1.3.Rearing of improved germ-plasm of different species of livestock & Poultry in the Deptl. Farms with improved management packages serves as the demonstration Centres of technologies for the farmers of the state.
In the state, there are 10 Nos. Cattle Breeding Farms, 11 – Pig Breeding Farms, 13 – District Poultry Farms, 1-each Central Poultry Breeding Farm and Central Hatchery and also 1 each Mithun, Yak, Pony, Sheep and Goat Breeding Farms in different locations of the state producing quality progenies of improved progenies of different breeds of different species.
|SL.NO||NAME OF LIV. & POULTRY FARMS/CENTRES||Nos|
|2.||Pig Breeding Farms||11|
|4.||Sheep Breeding Farm||01|
|5.||Pony Breeding Farm||01|
|6.||Yak Breeding Farm||01|
|7.||Mithun Breeding Farm||01|
|8.||District Poultry Farm||13|
|9.||Central Poultry Breeding Farm with Hatchery||01|
|10.||Feed mixing plant||01|
|11.||Frozen Semen & Liquid Nitrogen Plant||01|
|12.||Key village Sub-Centre||30|
|13.||Sheep & Wool Extension Centre||07|
5. FEED & FODDER RESOURCE FARMS
The Feed & fodder which costs 60 – 70% of the total production cost is prioritized in enhancing the liv. & Poultry bird productivity in the deptt. The prime objective of these fodder farms is to enhance the fodder productivity for attaining the self – sufficiency in milk, meat and egg productivity in addition to serving as Demonstration Centre for the progressive farmers of the state.
As such, there are 6 (six) Fodder Farms under the deptt in different districts attached in 6 –different Cattle breeding farms meeting up the fodder requirements of various liv. Farms in the state. There exists 1 (one) Temperate Fodder Farm located at regional Sheep Breeding Farm, Sangti (Dirang) in West Kameng district.
In the recent years, local tree fodder cultivation has been initiated in Central Cattle Breeding Farm, Nirjuli, District Cattle Farm, Wessang (Seppa) and Cattle Demonstration Farm at VTI, Pasighat with the value addition chapter of intercropping with perennial grasses in the bottom layer for the sustainable fodder production round the year with funding support from RKVY-RAFTAAR. These local tree fodder cultivation intercropped with perennial grasses is an innovative approach in fodder production for show-casing the tree fodders along with intercropped perennial grasses to the inquisitive livestock farmers in the state for the first time.
For supplying the quality computed Livestock & Poultry feeds in the different farms, there exists 1(one) Central Feed Mixing Plant located at Karsingsa. The feed ingredients are procured from outside, grinded and computed as Livestock & Poultry rations for supplying to different farms as well as farmers of the state today.
6. INTEGRATED SAMPLE SURVEY
The Integrated Sample Survey Scheme is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS-ISS) implemented by Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries Govt. of India through state Animal Husbandry & Veterinary in every state. It is and important scheme to measure the development activities in the livestock sector. The survey work started very early in our state. But the systematic work under this scheme started since 2009 with creating and strengthening the staff position with increasing its number in order to improve the data quality. This centrally sponsored scheme is to estimate the data on Major Livestock Product i.e. Milk, Eggs, Meat and Wool of the state to measure the growth rate of livestock products in every years collecting data through survey in every season. The MLP data collected Integrated Sample Survey has an immense value in implementing the various schemes under Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Department as it plays a role of mirror for the department.
2.1. The main objective of the scheme sample survey is to estimate the production of Sate Domestic Product (SDP) or Major Livestock Products (MLP) such as milk, egg, wool and meat and study the manage mental aspects of livestock and its utilization at the state level every season throughout the year.
2.2. The timely availability of reliable and current data relating to various livestock through Integrated Sample Survey is essential for evolving, monitoring and evaluating various developmental Schemes in this sector.
2.3. The Time series data on milk yield per lactating animal and total number of lactating animals help the state Animal Husbandry Department to assess the impact of their effort, particularly towards disease control, genetic up-gradation and feed & fodder management.
2.4. Further reliable production estimates on Major Livestock Products plays vital role in preparing the estimates of GDP in Livestock sector.